Timothy Falcon Crack
TEL: +0064(0)3.479.8310; FAX +0064(0)3.479.8171
Department of Accountancy and Finance, University of Otago,
PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, NEW ZEALAND.
Citizenship: United Kingdom and New Zealand
(Investment Management Certificate), Financial Services Authority (FSA)
Version. November 2001. Administered
by The UK Society of Investment Professionals (UKSIP); now called “The CFA
Society of the
For details, see https://secure.cfauk.org/qualifications/imc-exam.html/
· IMRO-Registered (Investment Management Regulatory Organization) and FSA-Approved Person at Barclays Global Investors London 2001-October 2003.
(Financial Economics), MIT,
Doctoral Thesis: Three Essays on Market Microstructure.
Committee: Paul Asquith (chair), Stewart Myers, Kevin Rock, Jushan Bai.
[two-year program of commerce courses plus thesis] (
· PGDipCom [two-year program of commerce courses plus written research reports] (Accounting), Otago University, NZ, 1990.
· Certificate of
· BSc HONS 1st
Class [a four-year advanced bachelors
degree] (Mathematics, with Statistics up to the third year level),
Empirical Capital Markets, Derivatives, Econometrics, Trading Strategies, Fixed Income Theory, Market Microstructure.
As at mid-2012, compared to US Finance PhD graduates, I am at the 92nd percentile for quality publications. I have published (or forthcoming) nine papers in the top 19 Finance journals ranked by Zivney and Bertin (“Publish or Perish,” JF 47(1), 1992). Looking at Table III of their paper allows me to compare myself to my peers: 16 years out from my PhD (i.e., mid-2012), only 31 out of 412 PhDs have done this well; this puts me at the 92nd percentile by this measure (up from 90th percentile five years ago).
Papers in Refereed Journals [incl. ABDC.com.au journal ranking A*, A, B, C, NR]:
· [NR] “Characterising Trader Manipulation in a Limit-Order Driven Market,” Forthcoming in Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 2013 (with Rasika M. Withanawasam and Peter A. Whigham). Available online October 8, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matcom.2012.09.012
· [A] “Do Momentum-Based Trading Strategies Work in Emerging Currency Markets?” Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money 2012, Vol. 22 No. 3, pp521–537 (with Reza Tajaddini).
· [C] “Growth Beats Value on the Bombay Stock Exchange” Finance India June 2012 (Vol XXVI, No 2) pp421–438 (with Satneet Sabharwal). [Note: Lead article in the journal.]
· [A] “Price Momentum in the New Zealand Stock Market: A Proper Accounting for Transactions Costs and Risk” Accounting and Finance 2010, Vol. 50 no. 4 (December), pp941–965 (with Sam Trethewey).
· [B] “Using Central Limit Theorems for Dependent Data” Journal of Financial Education 2010, vol. 36 no. 1/2 Spring/Summer, pp38–60 (with Olivier Ledoit).
· [A] “Valuing Real Options using Implied Binomial Trees and Commodity Futures Options,” Journal of Futures Markets, March 2007, vol. 27 no. 3, pp203–226 (with Tom Arnold and Adam Schwartz).
· [B] Implied Binomial Trees in Excel without VBA, The Journal of Financial Education, Fall 2006, 32(3) 37–54 (with Tom Arnold and Adam Schwartz).
Academic Job Market in
Reduction: The Case of Short Selling against the Box. Journal of Business,
Vol. 78, No. 4, (July) 2005, pp1307-1335 (with Alex Butler,
· [A] Using the WACC to Value Real Options, The Financial Analysts Journal. Nov/Dec 2004. Vol.60, No. 6; pp78–82.
What Influences Finance Research? Journal of Business, Vol. 76
No. 2, (April) 2003, pp343-361 (with Alex Butler,
Misunderstandings Concerning Duration and Convexity, Journal of Applied
· [A] Interest Rate Sensitivities of Bond Risk Measures, The Financial Analysts Journal, Vol. 56 No. 1, (Jan/Feb) 2000, pp34–43 (with Sanjay K. Nawalkha).
· [B] A Classic Case of Data Snooping for Classroom Discussion, The Journal of Financial Education, Vol. 25 (Fall) 1999, pp92–97.
· [A*] Robust Structure without Predictability: The "Compass Rose" Pattern of the Stock Market, Journal of Finance, Vol. 51 No. 2, (June) 1996, pp751–762 (with Olivier Ledoit).
Recent Refereed Conference Submissions:
· [refereed, PBRF-eligible] Quantitative active techniques to execute price and earnings momentum strategies (with Reza Tajaddini and Helen Roberts), and Credit card debt and the time value of money, with Helen Roberts. Both presented at New Zealand Finance Colloquium, February 2013 (former by co-author, latter my me).
· [A ranked refereed, PBRF-eligible] Evolving Trading Strategies for a Limit-order Book Generator, by Peter Whigham, Rasika Withanawasam, Timothy Crack and Inguruwatt Premachandra. 2010 IEEE World Conference on Computational Intelligence, Barcelona, Spain, July 18-23. Whigham is lead author and only author attending.
· [refereed, PBRF-eligible] “Valuing Real Options Using Implied Binomial Trees and Commodity Futures Options,” appearing in referred conference proceedings of 10th Annual NZ Finance Colloquium, Dunedin, New Zealand, January 26–27, 2006. ISSN: 1175-8074.
Books, Book Chapters, Book Contributions, and other Contributions:
· Heard on the Street: Quantitative Questions from Wall Street Job Interviews (MBA guide book with 50,000 copies sold in 25+ countries). 13th Edition, July 2012 ISBN: 0970055285 (see www.amazon.com).
· The Academic Job Market in Finance: An Updated Rookie’s Guide 2012 is on SSRN.com and it is the only paper that the FMA placed a direct link to on their placement webpage: (http://www.fma.org/Placement/2012/OpeningPage2012.htm)
· Arnold, Tom, Timothy Falcon Crack, and Adam Schwartz, 2011 “Inferring Risk-Averse Probability Distributions from Options Prices Using Implied Binomial Trees.” Chapter 2 (pp35-52) in: G.N. Gregoriou and R. Pascalau (Eds.), Financial Econometrics Modeling. Chapman-Hall-CRC/Taylor and Francis: London, UK.
· Put your Best Foot Forward: A Pre-Submission Checklist for Journal Articles 2011 (with Robin Grieves and Marianne Lown). Service paper: Now appearing as an unpublished resource on the home page of Journal of Financial Economics [A*]. Download from this site: http://jfe.rochester.edu/checklist.pdf
· E-book version of “Heard on the Street: Quantitative Questions from Wall Street Job Interviews” 12th Edition, (November 2009) (www.investmentbankingjobinterviews.com).
· Basic Black-Scholes: Option Pricing and Trading, (see www.amazon.com). Revised 2nd Edition April 2009 ISBN: 0970055242.
· Both “The Academic Job Market in Finance: A Rookie's Guide” and “The Academic Job Market in Finance: A Rookie's Guide – 2007 Supplement” (coauthored with Alex Butler) were archived at the Financial Management Association’s FMA Online web page: in October 2007 http://www.fma.org/FMAOnline/Archive/JobMarketGuide.pdf and http://www.fma.org/FMAOnline/Archive/JobMarketGuide2.pdf, respectively).
· I have contributed more than 10% of the questions and answers in the book Logic Problems for Money Minds, published in 2006 by Harriman House in the UK. Second edition, ISBN: 1897597967.
· Co-author with Sanjay Nawalkha of part of Chapter 2 in the book Interest Rate Risk Modeling: The Fixed Income Valuation Course, April 2005, published by Wiley and written by Sanjay K.Nawalkha, Gloria M. Soto, Natalia K. Beliaeva.
· I have contributed Black-Scholes option pricing code for HP17B and HP19B handheld financial calculators that has been reproduced in a British computing journal: Hutchins, Tony, 2003, Black-Scholes takes over the HP12C, Handheld and Portable Computer Club DataFile, Vol. 22 No. 3 (June/July), pp13–21.
· Robust Structure without Predictability: The "Compass Rose" Pattern of the Stock Market, (co-authored with Olivier Ledoit) reprinted in Forecasting Financial Markets (The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, #146). Edited by Terence C. Mills, June 2002, Edward Elgar, UK. A collection of 52 seminal papers from 1934 to 2000. 1248 pages, ISBN 1840644974. We appear as Chapter 26 of Volume 2.
WORK IN PROGRESS AND CURRENT INTERESTS:
Working Papers (complete or nearly so):
· Quantitative active techniques to execute price and earnings momentum strategies (with Reza Tajaddini and Helen Roberts), 2012. To be resubmitted March 2013.
· The mathematics and economics of competing credit card minimum payments (with Helen Roberts), 2013. Under submission.
· Credit card debt and the time value of money, 2012. Under submission.
· Characterising limit order prices, 2012 (with Rasika M. Withanawasam and Peter A. Whigham). Under submission.
· Stock Manipulation in Liquid/Illiquid Stocks, 2013 (with Rasika M. Withanawasam and Peter A. Whigham). Under Submission.
· Markowitz portfolio mathematics and economics (three papers with Robin Grieves). Near complete. First two papers to be submitted to A* and A journals March 2013.
· Markowitz and tourism research (with Robin Grieves and David Duval). Target journal JRS: Near complete.
· Real Option Valuation using NPV (with Tom Arnold) (to be resubmitted soon)
· Inferring Risk-Averse Probability Distributions From Option Prices using Implied Binomial Trees (with Tom Arnold and Adam Schwartz). To be resubmitted soon.
· Pacific Rim FX exposure of US MNCs (with Lifan Zhang). (To be resubmitted soon)
· The Impact of Stock Price Discreteness on the Estimation of ARCH Models. Inactive project.
Cited Unpublished Papers:
· Tinkering with Ticks: Choosing Minimum Price Variation for US Equity Markets. Inactive project.
Books in Progress:
· Foundations for Scientific Investing: Capital Markets Intuition and Critical Thinking Skills. Based on practitioner, trading, investment, teaching, and consulting experience.
· A smaller book on capital budgeting/financial management for undergraduates. Based on teaching introductory undergraduate corporate finance.
· Taught BSNS101 Intro Finance (two weeks S2 2007 456 students; two weeks S2 2008 436 students; two weeks S2 2009 454 students); BSNS108 Intro Finance (S2 2010 619 students; S2 2011 559 students; S2 2012 476 students); BUSI522 MBA Finance (one class only Sept 8, 2010: option pricing; 24 students); FINC2XX Second Year honours Finance Seminar (S2 2004, 7 students; S2 2005 7 students; S2 2006 8 students; S2 2007 3 students and class met only once), FINC305 International Financial Management, (S2 2004, 121 students), FINC302 Applied Investments, (S1 2005 147 students; S1 2006 165 students; S1 2007 121 students; S1 2008 119 students; S1 2009 107 students; S1 2010 112 students; S1 2011 115 students; S1 2012 130 students). FINC460 Real Options (3 Weeks, S1 2007 10 students).
· Barclays Global Investors Limited,
· October 2002 to
· June 2001 to September 2002 inclusive. Principal,
Head of Active Equity Research (UK/Europe). Quantitative Active Equity
· January 2001 to May 2001 inclusive. Principal,
Equity Researcher. Quantitative Active Equity Strategies for
Global Investors (BGI)
was the largest institutional asset manager in the world. Assets under
management were roughly USD750bn in early 2002.
My team’s research drove the
· At BGI I gained experience with: quantitative active equity strategies (finding sources of alpha, testing strategies to exploit them, and implementing them in a transactions-cost-effective manner); understanding the trade-off between returns, risk, and transactions costs; optimization; cross-sectional stock selection in a market-neutral and industry-neutral context; performance attribution; managerial skills in a multinational corporation; BARRA risk models UK/Europe; Bloomberg terminals; speaking with clients and consultants; interacting with portfolio managers on a daily basis; recruitment.
· Indiana’s undergraduate
finance program was consistently ranked in the top 10 in the US (and usually in
the top five) by US World and News Report. The MBA program was consistently
ranked at about #20 in the
· My teaching was ranked 5th out of 362, 5th out of 381, and 9th out of 326 for 1997, 1998 and 1999, respectively at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University (undergraduate ratings, based on average of 8 evaluation questions).
· MIT, Sloan School, Cambridge, MA, USA, Teaching Assistant in Finance, 1992–June 1996. Proseminar in Financial Engineering, Proseminar in Financial Management, Harvard Case Course in Financial Management, Empirical Methods in Finance, Investments, International Financial Management.
· Otago University, Dunedin NZ, Assistant Lecturer in Finance, 1990–August 1991. Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management, Honours Course in Corporate Finance.
· Otago University, Dunedin NZ, Teaching Fellow in Accounting and Finance, 1987–1989. Principles of Corporate Finance, Financial Accounting, Management Accounting and Finance.
AWARDS AND HONOURS:
· Prize for Best Paper in Financial Literacy (Credit Cards, Excess Debt, and the Time Value of Money), Sponsored by the Financial Education and Research Centre at Massey University. New Zealand Finance Colloquium, February 2013.
Award as one of the “Top Twenty Teachers at Otago University for 2007” (one of
only ten in the School of Business to receive the award). Nomination by
students; overseen by Otago University Students Association. October 2007. There
were 1,145 full time equivalent teaching staff at
BGI-sponsored best paper awards at EFA Conference,
· Doctoral Student Association PhD Teaching Award, Awarded April 2000.
· Nominated for Sauvain Undergraduate Teaching Award, 1999–2000.
· Nominated for University-wide Distinguished Teaching award, Fall 1999.
· Nominated for Sauvain Undergraduate Teaching Award, 1998–1999.
· Nominated for Sauvain Undergraduate Teaching Award 1997–1998.
· Indiana University Teaching Excellence Recognition Award (TERA), 1997–1998 (with highest teaching ratings in 25-member Indiana University Finance Department).
· Awarded Full MIT Doctoral Fellowship with Stipend, 1992–1995.
spend a “day on the floor” at the NYSE,
Otago Travelling Scholarship in
Commerce Division Outstanding Teaching Award,
· Offered Fulbright Travel Grant (I refused because of visa implications), 1991.
Ltd Prize in Business Finance,
Scholarship in Mathematics,
Memorial Prize in Statistics,
Prize in Mathematics,
Math. Competition (
· Australian Mathematics Competition, Senior Division, Certificate of Distinction, 1982.
· December 2004. NZD 5,000 contestable research grant from Otago Dept. of Finance and Quantitative Analysis (jointly with Alexander and Penckwitt) to setup parallel computer cluster.
ACADEMIC PRESENTATIONS (SELECTED):
· “Credit Cards, Excess Debt, and the Time Value of Money,” New Zealand Finance Colloquium, February 2013.
Theory for Optimal Market Mix in Tourism” Otago Univ.,
Real Options Using Implied Binomial Trees and Commodity Futures Options,” 10th
“Fire and Forget” Research
· “Implied Binomial Trees” to FINC409 (Advanced Derivatives) May 5, and May 12, 2005.
“What I did with my Math Degree” Otago Univ. Department of Math and Stats,
course MATH160 special guest presenter:
"A Practical Guide to GMM with Applications to Option Pricing," FMA
Six Lectures on the Mathematics of Advanced Financial Derivatives Pricing,
Indiana University Mathematics Department Math/Finance Seminar,
Wayne Ferson and
Brown-Bag Lunch Seminar: "An Investigation of Strike Price Bias,"
(with Tom Arnold),
"Why Use Barrier Options?" Indiana University Mathematics Department
Brown-Bag Lunch Seminar: "Does Peakedness Matter?" (with Tom Arnold),
guest speaker at panel discussion on "Publishing as a Doctoral
Oliver Hansch's "Cross-listing Effects: Evidence from the Time Series
Behavior of Dealer Inventories" at
· Presenter: "The Impact of Stock Price Discreteness on the Estimation of ARCH Models," MIT, Dartmouth, Indiana University, University of Washington (Seattle), The Ohio State University, University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign)—all from Jan to Mar 1996.
· Coauthor Tom Arnold presented Generalized Option Pricing Paper (Now called Pricing Real Options in the Real World) at University of Georgia (Feb 2000) and SWFA San Antonio TX March 17, 2000.
SELCETED MEMBERSHIPS, CONFERENCE AND OTHER ACTIVITIES:
· Member: AFA, AFAANZ
· Attended 17th Annual New Zealand Finance Colloquium, Dunedin, New Zealand, February 7–8, 2013.
· Attended Finance Seminar at UC Davis (Davis California) April 2006 (Expecting to be Surprised: An Analysis of Price Responses to Earnings Announcements by Ellis and Gebhardt).
Behavioral Finance Conference,
· Constructed multiple sessions and chose chair and discussants for October 1998 FMA meetings.
· Attended NBER seminars in Cambridge MA, 1992–1996
COMMITTEES AND OTHER SERVICE:
· Presented or co-presented an introductory talk on Finance at the Tertiary Open Day at Otago Museum, April 7, 2007, May 6, 2008, May 3, 2010, May 4, 2011, April 30, 2012. Approximately 80-250 high school students in attendance.
· Interviewed Deutsche Bank Financial Markets Scholarship candidates alongside Deutsche Bank Investment Banking representatives each year 2004–2012.
as an external referee on a tenure/promotion case (assistant to associate
professor) at a good
of Student Research,
of Policy Committee,
Member of Senate,
· Member of School of Business Divisional Postgraduate Advisors Committee, Semester 1 2005, Semester 2, 2005.
· Sponsoring (with my research funds) part of the cost of the Finance and Quantitative Analysis “Research Cluster” (a new parallel computing cluster being established at Otago). My current role is limited to financial support and common sense advice. I will be a user once it is operational.
and Admissions Committee,
· Acting HOD, Otago Univ. Dept Finance and Quant. Analysis, on occasion during Semester 2 2004 and Semester 1, 2005.
· Indiana University Finance Undergraduate Committee—Fall 1996, Spring 1997, Fall 1998, Spring 1999, Fall 1999, Spring 2000, Fall 2000.
· Indiana University Finance Doctoral Committee—Fall 1997, Spring 1997, Spring 1998, Fall 1998, Spring 1999, Fall 1999, Spring 2000, Fall 2000.
· Met with Recruiters at IU Spring 1999, Fall 1999.
prospective Finance Department hires at AFA conference,
· Interviewed prospective undergraduate Investment Banking students, December 1998.
prospective Finance Department hires at FMA conference,
· Interviewed prospective Finance PhD students—Spring 1998.
· Volunteered to create and teach "Nuclear Financial Economics: Advanced Study of Derivatives Pricing, Hedging, Marketing and Risk Management" for Individualized Major Students with math/finance degrees—Fall 1997.
of Finance Dept Subcommittee to evaluate feasibility of a Math-Finance program
· Active participant in Math Department Math-Finance seminar series, Spring 1998, Fall 1999.
in the Meeting on Trading Room Technology –
advising of undergraduate students seeking Investment Banking Jobs at
· Organized meeting between undergraduate Investment banking students and investment bankers from HLHZ (Sept 22, 1999; Sept 27, 2000). Met with recruiter from Bear Sterns (Oct 17, 1999; Oct 16, 2000). Met recruiters from Lehman Brothers (November, 1999).
· 2012: Internal examiner on one MBus thesis from Otago.
· 2012: PhD thesis committee member for Duminda Kuruppuarachchi at Otago University. Thesis topic: FX Markets (and related topics). Primary supervisor is I.M. Premachandra/Hai Lin.
· 2010-2012: PhD thesis committee member for PhD student Rasika Withanawasam at Otago University. Thesis topic: Market Microstructure. Primary supervisor is Peter Whigham.
· 2010 (July)-2012: PhD thesis primary supervisor for PhD student Reza Tajaddini at Otago University. Helen Roberts is also supervising. Thesis topic: Technical Analysis and FX Currency Trading (and related topics).
· 2012: Co-Supervising MBus student Daniel Bode with Helen Roberts (and Hai Lin). Topic is equity trading strategies in NZ.
· 2011-2012: Supervising two MCom students: Worik Stanton (Technical Analysis and Data Snooping); John Hatherly (Skewness in Stock Returns; Hatherly is on leave).
· 2011: Internal examiner for three MBus theses. Still in process.
· 2010: Supervised MCom of Yi Zhang (Real Option Theory for Project Evaluation under Uncertainty). Took over from David Alexander.
thesis committee member for PhD student
· Internal Thesis Examiner: Mengjia Mo’s Otago MCom Thesis on Arithmetic Brownian Motion and Option Pricing. Mid-2007.
· Masters thesis advisor for MBus student Chris Croft, Late 2007. Thesis topic: Feasibility of Domestic and Cross-Border Portable Alpha Strategies in NZ.
thesis advisor for MBus student Kelvin McKeown, Late 2006. Thesis topic: Dividend Policy in the
thesis advisor for MBus student Satneet Sabharwal at
thesis advisor for MBus student Lifan Zhang at
· Sponsor and thesis advisor for IU Individualized Major Program (IMP) undergraduate student Devesh Shah in his "Financial Mathematics" degree, Spring 1997. Thesis title: Overview of Specialness in the US Government Bond Repurchase Market.
· Sponsor and thesis advisor for IU IMP undergraduate student Reed Schwandt in his "Financial Mathematics" degree, Fall 1997, Spring 1998. Thesis title: Program Trading and Derivative Strategies in the Equity Markets
· Senior Thesis Adviser for IU undergraduate finance major Joshua Leavitt. Thesis topic: Initial Public Offerings: A Brief Study of Performance—Fall 1997/Spring 1998
· Senior Thesis Adviser for IU undergraduate finance major Matthew Tuchband. Thesis topic: The Effects of the Transition to the EURO on International Organizations and their Foreign Currency Risk Management Strategies—Fall 1997/Spring 1998.
· Supervised IU PhD Finance Student Miikka Tauren. Thesis Title: The Pricing of Credit Risk: Theory and Evidence (committee member). 1999.
· Supervised IU PhD Finance Student Craig Wisen. Thesis Title: The Bias Associated with New Mutual Fund Returns, Spring 2002 (co-supervisor).
· Supervised IU PhD Economics Student Jeff Gerlach. Thesis: Derivatives and Emerging Market Debt/Information, Institutions and Asset Returns, October 2001 (committee member).
· Constituent Member, Andrew Waisburd’s IU PhD committee, March 2000. Essays in Financial Market Automation.
· The Journal of Finance.
· The Journal of Business.
· Journal of Futures Markets.
· Financial Analysts Journal
· Quantitative Finance
· Pacific-Basin Finance Journal.
· Accounting and Finance
· Modern Physics Letters B
· International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance.
· Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics.
· Independent consultant to New York Stock Exchange, Summer (May–July) 1994
· Ex gratia consulting at request of New Zealand Commerce Commission investigator twice during 2011.
· Internet-Based Small Business. Book author and publisher. 1995–present. Sold over 50,000 copies of MBA investment-banking guide and Black-Scholes Option Pricing book.
· Graphic artist: supplied an illustration for "Investments: A Global Perspective," co-authored by Jack Clark Francis and Roger Ibbotson, Prentice-Hall, 2002, ISBN 0138907404 (see page 459 for acknowledgement to my contribution).
· Some formulae from my Basic-Black Scholes book appear in Espen Gaarder Haug’s “Option Pricing Formulas” (2007).
· Edited draft copy of half of Chi-fu Huang's book “Theory of Financial Markets”— MIT May 1993.
COMPUTING & TECHNICAL SKILLS:
Rated on a scale of 1 (very rusty), 3 (regular user), 5 (expert);
· UNIX (2), DOS (2), VAX VMS (1), WINDOWS (3).
· Excel (4), Word (4), LATEX/TEX (4), PPT (2), Outlook (3), HTML source code (3).
· SAS (2), MATLAB (4), FORTRAN (2), C (1), MATLAB MEX Files (2).
· Adobe PageMaker (2), Adobe Acrobat (incl. Adobe Distiller and Adobe Exchange) (4).
· BLOOMBERG (3), FACTSET (1), BARRA Risk Models (1-2), IBES (1).
· Hewlett Packard HP17B/HP19B Equation Solver Code (4).
· E-book creation using Adobe software (3), BlackBoard (3).
· Training Courses:
o Workshop on HODs managing people, HEDC, NZ, August 28, 2006.
o Leadership Development Program with Dr. John Adams six hours September, 2005, NZ.
o Introduction to “Black Board” (for electronic
communication of university courses), NZ,
Current Developments in
Risk Model decomposition.
successful small trader in
Available upon request.
 PBRF is a New Zealand research ranking exercise. I was ranked an “A” in the most recent (2006) PBRF exercise. An “A” rating is the highest possible and means “highly original or innovative research that ranks with the best of its kind in the world and is esteemed by the international academic community” (quote from Hattie, 2004).
 Click on first link here for conference ranking: http://core.edu.au/index.php/categories/conference%20rankings/1
 Leave spent writing second book and performing academic research (including a masters supervision) in London England, Exeter England, Edinburgh Scotland, Ayr Scotland, and Dunedin New Zealand.